Wood floor Maintenance Vancouver

recommended hardwood floor care and maintenance.

AHF All Hardwood Floor Ltd. Wood floor Professional Specializing in the fine art of sanding and refinishing hardwood flooring and stairs on site to varying locations throughout the Vancouver lower mainland. 604 603 7317

With a few simple steps and precautions, you can enjoy and preserve the original beauty of your floor.

Humidity

Changes in humidity level can cause any wood floor to shrink or expand. In order to minimize such movement, it is important to maintain the humidity level in your home between 40% and 50%, through the use of appropriate humidity and ventilation systems.

Liquids and spills

All liquids and spills should be wiped off as soon as possible in order to prevent any possible damage. You may consider using area rugs to protect susceptible areas (around kitchen sink, at entrance for wet footwear, etc.). Protection from abrasive dirt such as sand, street dirt and cat litter can damage any hardwood floor.
Protect your floor by using entrance mats and area rugs. Regular cleaning or vacuuming of these rugs will prevent accumulation of dirt. Felt protectors under the legs of all pieces of furniture will prevent damage caused by scratching.

Sunlight and artificial high pressure uv lighting

Normal exposure to sunlight will cause slight color changes in any hardwood floor. Area rugs, which block out light, should therefore be shifted regularly.

Care products

For best results, AHF recommends the use of specially formulated wood care and maintenance products by the flooring materials or coatings original manufacturer.

Before installing

hardwood floors, subfloors should be carefully treated and/or prepared, in order to prevent moisture-related problems and other problems with construction defects or sub-par installation conditions. Floors should be installed according to widely recognized industry standards and practices.
• Never use a damped mop or wet cloth to clean your hardwood flooring. Water can seriously damage any kind of wood .
•Never use wax on your polyurethane prefinished hardwood flooring. Never allow direct contact between the legs of pieces of furniture and the flooring. Use felt protectors under the legs in order to prevent scratches.

•Use a dry mop or vacuum cleaner frequently to eliminate solid particles which might scratch your hardwood flooring. • Please remember that water, sand, salt and dust are not compatible with hardwood flooring. •Without losing time, absorb water or liquid spills with a dry cloth •If there is a door leading outside where you have installed hardwood flooring Use a door mat to catch the dirt and absorb the humidity. Never use a rubber mat, with a Styrofoam or plastic backing. Some Styrofoam may damage your floor, therefore they are not recommended on hardwood flooring.

Glossary


Acrylic Impregnated

With acrylic impregnated hardwood flooring, the 1/16" hardwood veneer on the top of the floor has been injected (impregnated) with a plastic acrylic solution under very high pressure and heat. This specially treated acrylic resin makes the floor up to 300% harder and more indent-resistant thannatural wood. The engineered construction also reduces the risk of expansion and buckling. Modern hardwood flooring is available in many different edge styles, from square edge to micro-beveled, to deeply grooved edges.
Square Edge - no Bevel-
- The edges of all boards meet squarely creating a uniform, smooth surface that blends the floor together from board to board. The look is contemporary and formal, and there are no grooves to catch dust. The square edge can cost 5 - 10% more, but it gives a smoother appearance and square edge floors are easier to refinish. The square edge is not recommended over uneven floors.
Micro-Bevel
- The micro-bevel is meant to help hide minor irregularities, such as uneven plank heights.
Heavy or Hand-Bevel
- These floors also hide floor irregularities, and have a very distinctive deep groove in them. The beveled edge planks lend themselves to an informal and country decor. The hand-beveled planks have a rustic, hand-hewn look.

Caramelized or Carbonized Bamboo

Bamboo flooring is available in Natural or Caramelized. Natural is a light blond color similar to maple, and Caramelized is a dark amber color similar to young teak. This darker color is not a stain, but a process of pressure heating the fiber at the factory, which darkens the sugar compounds in the fiber.

Engineered Flooring
(also called Laminated Flooring, Engineered-Wood Flooring)

Engineered Wood Flooring is wood flooring made from two or more laminations (layers) of wood glued together in a sandwich. The surface is real, re-sand-able wood -- not to be confused with plastic photo laminates.
Floating Wood Floors

What makes floating hardwood floors different from traditional hardwood flooring is that such floors aren't glued or nailed to the wood subfloor or concrete slab. The planks are attached to each other, and sit on top of the subfloor or sound barrier.
The floor is installed with a small expansion gap at all edges, to allow for some natural expansion and contraction due to the seasons. The expansion gaps are never seen, they are covered by molding or shoe trim, and door thresholds.
Glue-down

In a glue-down application, hardwood flooring is adhered to the floor using a special type of adhesive - a chemical-drying compound. Urethane glue applied with the correct build up offered a moisture barrier and the process also traps dead air micro pockets eliminating transference of sound Some types of hardwood flooring may be adhered directly to:
Concrete Sound Barriers, Plywood Subfloor, Radiant Heating
The advantages of a glue-down application are:

No need to build a plywood subfloor( unless over radiant), saving time and material No subfloor means less height build-up, so less height differences between hardwood and non-hardwood flooring A very solid floor with little to no movement Glue-down application requires a skilled installer and meticulous site preparation.

The strength of your floor depends on the quality of the glue used. AHF All Hardwood Floor only uses proven, quality adhesives to ensure the bond remains strong into the future.
Hardness

When choosing your hardwood flooring it is essential to take into account not only its appearance but the hardness as well. It is worth choosing a harder wood species rather than a softer one for areas where hard wear is expected: children playing, pets, stiletto heels, a busy entrance hall.


In the Janka table below

Showing the hardness of the different wood species are compared relative to oak whose hardness is the most forgiving when it comes to expansion and contraction due to environmental changes in humidity and temperature.
Relative Hardness of Hardwood Flooring Species
Pine 42
Alder 44
Fir..59
Birch..67
Birch Baroque..67
Maple (pacific..82
American Cherry..89
American Walnut..94
Beach..95
Red Oak..97
White Oak..100
Rose Gum..103
Ash Baroque..105
Ash..105
Beech Baroque 118
Beech Antique..118
Maple (Canadian..123
Australian Jarrah..131
Indo cherry Merbau..144
Kempas..154
Santos Mahogany..163
Brazilian Cherry (Jatoba..175
Maceranduba blood wood..199

Horizontal or Flat Grain, Vertical Grain (Bamboo)


Bamboo flooring is available in Horizontal (Flat) Grain and Vertical Grain. Horizontal or Flat grain flooring is laid-up with 3 layers of flattened bamboo slats adhered together. When you look at the floor from above you can see the bamboo nodes.
Vertical grain flooring is comprised of stalks that are adhered together vertically. You see a smaller portion of each stalk, and the nodes are less noticeable.
Engineered Flooring (also called Laminated Flooring, Engineered-Wood Flooring) Engineered Wood Flooring is wood flooring made from two or more laminations (layers) of wood glued together in a sandwich. The surface is real, re sand able wood -- not to be confused with plastic photo laminates.
The grain that shows on the surface of your hardwood floor will appear different, depending on how the wood was cut.
Plain sawn (or flat-sawn)
lumber has the growth rings of the tree parallel to the board's broad face. Plain sawn wood highlights the grain, loops and growth swirls of the wood
Quarter sawn
has the growth rings of the tree approximately perpendicular to the board's surface. Quarter sawn wood has the straightest grain, and is used for our premium floors to add a sleek, streamlined look to any room.
Rift Sawn

lumber is cut at a 30-degree or greater up to 60-degrees angle to the growth rings. This produces narrow boards with accentuated vertical or "straight" grain patterns. How Quarter-Sawn Wood is Milled
First, the log is cut into quarters. Then, the quarter is flipped ninety degrees back and forth to saw off a plane of wood. This process does not produce any more waste than plain sawing, but it does require some extra time to flip the quarters back and forth. This milling process produces a specialty wood flooring cut called Rift and Quarter Sawn.
The benefits to this cut of wood are straighter grain that is up to 50% more stable than plain sawn flooring, and a superior looking product featuring less variation, longer lengths, and medullar rays. Plank Style
Engineered flooring may be available in different plank styles.
3 Strip The entire board consists of three parallel strips of the same width. This style is usually the least expensive, and gives a busy patterned appearance that can disguise the seams where three strips end together.
2 Strip
The 2-strip Long Plank consists of 2 parallel strips, with joints. The strips are longer and larger, but there are still seams with two strips ending together.
The 1-strip consists of a single strip along the whole length of the board. This style may be available in different widths. This style is a bit more cost, but the single strip boards are the only style that truly give the effect of traditional hardwood flooring.
Prefinished


Prefinished floors arrive for installation with a durable finish already applied to the surface. Because there's no need for finish application and drying time, the floors are fast to install.
Quarter Sawn vs. Plain Sawn The grain that shows on the surface of your hardwood floor will appear different, depending on how the wood was cut.
 
Plain sawn (or flat-sawn) lumber has the growth rings of the tree parallel to the board's broad face. Plain sawn wood highlights the grain, loops and growth swirls of the wood.

Quarter sawn has the growth rings of the tree approximately perpendicular to the board's surface. Quarter sawn wood has the straightest grain, and is used for our premium floors to add a sleek, streamlined look to any room. Radiant Heated slab and sleepers in concrete Floors (Recommended Flooring) For many builders, the reluctance to install hardwood floors over radiant heat stemmed from problems associated with the original technology introduced more than 40 years ago. Back then, floors were heated excessively to compensate for poor building insulation. Those high temperatures exaggerated expansion and contraction in hardwood flooring. Now modern insulation and building techniques allow a radiant floor to stay cooler than the floor of the average sunroom.
Today Ken Moersch has enjoyed tremendous success with. Accra real solid Cherry , Oak white or red, American black Walnut rift and quarter sawn premium maple first garde is also available for urethane glued down flooring , AHF has a system and a technique for floor laying and installation over radiant heat slab or sleepers in concrete that can be very sound absorbent and fell incredible solid to walk on. AHF wil also install unfinished engineered floors available today that are designed for radiant heated floor installation.
Recommended flooring: Premium on site-finished long-length wood tongue and groove blind secret mailed or square edge top nailed strip Glued down with Bostik's best urethane glue products.

Engineered unfinished
Floating wooden floors can be custom colored with stain and finished on site
•Engineered Glue-down •Bamboo (engineered)

Rift Sawn
lumber is cut at a 30-degree or greater angle to the growth rings. This produces narrow boards with accentuated vertical or "straight" grain patterns.
 
Site-Finished

Site-finished hardwood floors are installed, and then stained and finished on-site. Site-finishing gives a traditional, flowing, and unbroken finished appearance.

Site sanded / sanding / sander
Site sanded involves specialty industrial floor sanding equipment. The sander to sand the entire surface evenly into one dimensional plane. May include the use of wood floor filler that may be trowel led over the entire wooden floors surface.
Sanding tools tool burnish the wooden surface to a high polish.

Vertical or Horizontal Grain, Flat Grain (Bamboo)

Bamboo flooring is available in Horizontal (Flat) Grain and Vertical Grain.
Horizontal or Flat grain flooring is laid-up with 3 layers of flattened bamboo slats adhered together. When you look at the floor from above you can see the bamboo nodes.
Vertical grain flooring is comprised of stalks that are adhered together vertically. You see a smaller portion of each stalk, and the nodes are less noticeable.
Wood Floor Maintenance-What to Expect During the Curing Process


Simple steps can be taken to maintain the beauty and luster of your new Glitsa finished floors.


Use Glitsa's untreated mop with Dust Pad on your floor regularly. This will keep the sand and grit off of your floor that may cause premature wear. Throw rugs that are cleaned on a regular basis are recommended in front of your kitchen sink and at each outside door.



Cleaning

Wipe up food and other spills immediately using a dampened (not soaking wet) Cleaning Pad on the Glitsa Mop or paper towel. Regular cleaning should be done with Glitsa Clean which is specially formulated to clean your Glitsa finished floor. Follow directions on the bottle for correct application. Glitsa Clean is available through your flooring contractor.



No Waxing


Glitsa finished floors should never be waxed. Do not use oils or waxes, or cleaners that have these properties, on your Glitsa finish. If wax or other treatments are applied, recoating may not be possible.



Recoat


As your floor begins to show wear and does not clean easily with Glitsa Clean, recoating is recommended. Glitsa Aerosol is available for minor repairs or touch up for the Gold Seal System. Contact your hardwood flooring professional when recoating becomes necessary.



Know your Floor


Know what products were used to finish and clean your wood floor. Keep track of the dates (month/year) that the floor was installed, finished, refinished and/or repaired. Remember the company name of your floor installer and finisher. When moving, leave the above information in the home for the next homeowner.



Preventive Maintenance (assuming this is not a freshly finished hardwood floor).



Preventive Maintenance may be the most important factor in determining the longevity of your wood floor finish.

•Place walk off mats in entry ways and near sink areas to minimize the amount of dirt and water that comes in contact with your floor.

•Check your chair legs and other pieces of furniture and attach Safeglides Felt Floor Protectors to all furniture that will come in contact with your wood floor.

•Keep high heel shoes in good repair. Heels that have lost their protective cap can cause little indentations in any floor surface, even concrete!

•Keep pet claws trimmed.

•Do not over-water plants. Soil, fertilizers, and plant foods may have chemicals in them that could damage your Glitsa finish.

•Soft rubber (shoe soles, toy wheels, etc.) will leave marks on the floor. Most of these marks can be rubbed out, but should be avoided if possible.



Post Application Tips


A minimum of 24 hours is recommended before returning to the residence. Providing good ventilation will minimize the odor and help the floor finish cure faster. You can generally walk on the floor after 24 hours. However, you should use your floors with care for the first two weeks after application. The more gentle you are on the floor during this time, the more satisfaction you will get from your floors for years to come.



Furniture


Allow two to three days before placing furniture on the floor. Do not drag or slide the furniture into place. Install Safeglides Felt Floor Protectors on furniture legs before replacing furniture.



Carpets


Allow two to three weeks before putting carpets or rugs on the floor. If covered prematurely, finishes may discolor.



Cleaning


Do not use water or any cleaning substances on the floor for the first two to three weeks.



AHF Hardwood floors stairs gym floors -Glitsa finished hardwood care maintenance

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Wood Floor Services:

  • Service 1 Dustless dust free wooden floor Sanding
  • Service 2 Competitive dust free hardwood floor refinishing
  • Service 3 Glitsa gold seal Swedish varnish finishing
  • Service 4 Water borne dustless wood floor refinishing
  • Service 5 Polyurethane dust free wooden floor refinishing
  • Service 6 Moisture Cured Urethane gym floor finishing
  • Service 7 Dustless Vancouver hardwood floor sanding
  • Service 8 Staining hardwood floors Vancouver
  • Service 9  Vancouver BC hardwood floor refinishing
  • Service 10 Screen and recoating
  • Service 11 Floor installation Laying services
  • Service 12 Gym floor refinishing services
  • Service 13 Game court markings painting
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